Do You Suffer From ADHD?

Do you find it hard to pay attention or feel the need to constantly move when you shouldn’t? Do you get irritated by that classmate who tries to answer the questions even before the question is completed? Do you feel furious when your child won’t sit stable even for a minute? Does that uncle, who keeps on interrupting between every single conversation, irritate you? Chances are that in all these cases, you or the mentioned persons are suffering from ADHD. Let us know and understand what it is and how can it be diagnosed.

ADHD is a disorder that makes it difficult for a person to pay attention and control impulsive behaviour. In more technical terms, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. It is a chronic disease which persists for a very long time or even lifelong but the good part is its treatment shows tremendous positive results. Let us have a look at the causes and symptoms-

CAUSES OF ADHD-

It is wrong to say and think that ADHD is just a genetic disease. There are various environmental factors too that can cause this disease-

  1. Brain injury
  2. low birth weight
  3. excessive alcohol use
  4. excessive cigarette smoking
  5. use of drugs during pregnancy
  6. excessive use of drugs

MYTH- ADHD happens only in children. 

WRONG!

ADHD is not just a childhood disorder.  It can and happens in adults and adolescents as well. It is just that it is easily diagnosable in the childhood years (6-12) as hyperactivity tends to decrease as the child becomes an adult.

There are three kinds of key behaviour that ADHD affected people show-

  1. Inattention
  2. Hyperactivity
  3. Impulsiveness

Some people have a problem with only one of the three behaviours (inattention) while most of them have a combination of two(impulsivity-hyperactivity) or all the three behaviours.

People with ADHD are also found to show these symptoms-

  • Lack focus
  • Have a hard time paying attention to details and a tendency to make careless mistakes. Their work might be messy and seem careless.
  • Have trouble staying on topic while talking, not listening to others, and not following social rules
  • Be forgetful about daily activities (for example, missing important meetings, forgetting to bring lunch)
  • Be easily distracted by things like trivial noises or events that are usually ignored by others.

 Now let us understand the three characteristic behaviours of ADHD-

Hyperactivity

  • Trouble sitting still for even a short time (hyperactivity). Children with ADHD may squirm, fidget, or run around at the wrong times. Teens and adults often feel restless and fidgety. They aren’t able to enjoy reading or other quiet activities.

It may vary with age. You might be able to notice it in preschoolers. ADHD symptoms\ nearly always show up before middle school.

Kids with hyperactivity may:

  • Fidget and squirm when seated
  • Get up frequently to walk or run around.
  • Run or climb a lot when it’s not appropriate. (In teens this may seem like restlessness.)
  • Have trouble playing quietly or doing quiet hobbies
  • Always be “on the go”
  • Talk excessively

Impulsivity

  • Acting before thinking (impulsivity). People with ADHD may talk too loud, laugh too loud, or become angrier than the situation calls for. Children may not be able to wait for their turn or to share. This makes it hard for them to play with other children. Teens and adults may make quick decisions that have a long-term impact on their lives. They may spend too much money or change jobs often.

The person might:

  • Have a hard time waiting for their turn.
  • Blurt out answers before someone finishes asking them a question.
  • Frequently interrupt or intrude on others. This often happens so much that it causes problems in social or work settings.
  • Start conversations at inappropriate times.

Inattention

The child may show these symptoms-

  • Daydreams
  • Shifts from task to task without finishing anything
  • Becomes easily distracted
  • Misses important details
  • Makes careless mistakes in homework and tests
  • Gets bored quickly
  • Has trouble getting organised (for example, losing homework assignments or keeping the bedroom messy and cluttered)
  • Doesn’t seem to listen when spoken to
  • Is slow to understand information
  • Have trouble staying on topic while talking, not listening to others, and not following social rules
  • Be forgetful about daily activities (for example missing appointments, forgetting to bring lunch)
  • Be easily distracted by things like trivial noises or events that are usually ignored by others.
  • Has trouble following instructions
  • Have trouble staying on topic while talking, not listening to others, and not following social rules
  • Be forgetful about daily activities (for example, missing appointments, forgetting to bring lunch)
  • Be easily distracted by things like trivial noises or events that are usually ignored by others.

WHEN TO GET DIAGNOSE-

Doctors check for behaviour that’s:

  • Not typical for the person’s age. (Most children can behave in those ways at some point or another, though.)
  • Has a negative impact on the person’s ability to function at home, in social environments, or at work.

They also have to consistently display at least six of the above symptoms:

  • For at least 6 months
  • And in at least two settings, such as at home and in school.

Well, to break the stigma, I will tell you about a few famous people who have suffered or are suffering from this disorder. They are-

  1. Michael Phelps- The swimming sensation
  2. Cammi Granato – The captain of US women’s ice hockey team, won a gold medal in 1998 winter Olympics.
  3. Jim Carrey                | DO I NEED
  4. Justin Timberlake       | TO TELL YOU
  5. Will Smith                  |  ANYTHING HERE?
  6. Jamie Oliver- the star chef.
  7. Prince Harry of Wales- ADHD+Depression+Anxiety
  8. Albert Einstein

So, now you know that ADHD can not stop you from doing great things if you are really determined. So, stop not till you get what you want to get.

If you know someone, who shows such kind of symptoms, you know what to do now- get them some help. 🙂

Drop your views on the experiences below in the comments section.

Source: WebMD, NIMH and Google images of course!

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