Wars Happening In 2017
Mainstream Media is a guileful thing. In all its fancy footwork, it fails to represent the essence of its purpose. There are several struggles that it fails to expose which is why the death toll increases every day. These are 11 wars happening in 2017 which you probably don’t know about. People are hurt and it is essential that we know their pain.
1. KASHMIR UNREST IN INDIA
Kashmir has always been the tug-o-war knot since the beginning of India’s independence. From the Burhan aftermath to the India-Pakistan confrontations, the civilians in 2017 have faced the brunt of the unrest in unimaginably painful ways.
By November 2016, the civilian protests that had raged through all of the last summer, triggered by the death of Hizbul Mujahideen terrorist Burhan Wani in a gun-battle with security forces, had almost died out. What followed was a sullen, low-intensity armed conflict between militants and security forces, with scattered but sustained civilian protests. Moving into 2017, the protests and violence seem to have become a daily norm in Kashmir.
2. SOMALI UNREST
Somalia has been in a Civil War for decades, and few ever talk about it. Somalia, the nation, was created in 1960 until President Siad Barre was overthrown in 1991. Since then it has mutated from a civil war in the 1980s, through state collapse, clan factionalism and warlordism in the 1990s, to a globalized ideological conflict in the first decade of the new millennium. With no government in place, the country was pieced off by various warlords as war raged for years.
Various attempts at re-administering a stable government has been made. In the year 2000, a new ‘unified’ government was elected but to no avail.
Somalia is attempting to stabilize, but the government is constantly at odds with Al-Shabab and Al-Qaeda insurgents. U.S. troops were deployed in 2007 in an attempt to establish peace, but armed conflicts have not stopped.
It is now essentially “Governance without a government”.
3. DARFUR CONFLICT
The U.S. Agency for International Development has characterized the crisis in Darfur as the “worst humanitarian crisis in the world today.”
Conflict in Darfur dates back to early 2003 when black Africans from Darfur rebelled against the Janjaweed’s leadership demanding improved infrastructure in the region, proceeds from oil wealth and a power-sharing government. The government also reportedly organized and supplied the Janjaweed militia to combat the rebels In the Darfur region of western Sudan.
Militias have targeted civilians, in which attacks have occurred where the United Nations warns could rival the 1994 genocide in Rwanda in which more than 800,000 people died.
The violence in the mostly arid desert region has driven millions of Darfur villagers from their homes. Most are in disease-riddled refugee camps in Darfur while some have fled to crowded camps in neighbouring Chad.
Few aid agencies have been able to penetrate the region because of the violence. Those that have gained access report alarming scenes of starvation, disease and mass killings.
4. CONFLICT IN DONBASS, UKRAINE
It began as a dispute over a trade agreement, but it mushroomed into the bloodiest conflict in Europe since the wars in the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.
After Russia annexed Crimea in 2014 following tensions with its neighbour, world leaders managed to install a shaky peace deal in 2015. But violence continues in the conflict zone in eastern Ukraine. 2016 saw an increase in casualties and 2017 has kicked off with a flare-up of fighting.
Conflict in Ukraine has been pretty consistent since the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, but the country has only been in a high state of crisis since 2013. Primarily, Ukraine is split into two groups: the west and the east. Western Ukraine strongly supports integration with Europe. The primary language here is Ukrainian. In eastern Ukraine, Russian is the primary language.
The conflict in Ukraine became violent in late 2013 when the President of Ukraine dismissed a deal with the European Union in order to support stronger ties with Russia. Hundreds of thousands of protesters swarmed city hall and government areas to express their anger at this decision. Violent opposition continues to remain in the Donbass region of Ukraine.
Myanmar, once known as Burma, has been actively at war for decades. Civil War has raged in the country since 1948. Since the 1962 military coup in Myanmar, several different armed groups have opposed the controlling military power. There are many different ethnic groups in Myanmar attempting to become the dominant group through the use of military force. The Arakan Liberation Army, Chin National Army, Kachin Independent Army and dozens of other groups create almost constant chaos in Myanmar. A ceasefire agreement was signed between the official Myanmese government and several ethnic groups in 2016, but three major opposing groups refused to sign the agreement and have not held to its terms in any way.
Recently, these groups were involved in a military action along the Chinese border. This suggests the 7-decade war in Myanmar is not going to stop soon.
6. SOUTH SUDAN CIVIL WAR, AFRICA
Since December 2013, more than 50,000 people have died in the South Sudan Civil War. It’s estimated that 1.6 million people have been displaced by this war.
The war is a result of clashes between the Government and Oppositional forces, the SPLM-IO. (The opposition party) It started in 2013 when President Salva Kiir accused Riek Macher, his former deputy of attempting a coup. He denies such claims and whether the coup was actually staged we do not know. UN has peacemakers in the country trying to solve these issues as a part of the ‘UN mission in South Sudan’ (UNMISS).
The SPLM (The government party) is reportedly being backed up by the Ugandan government. In 2014, a ceasefire was attempted which didn’t last long.
President Salva and Macher are from the largest leading communities, Dinka and Nuer respectively. This has resulted in ethnic clashing.
7. CONFLICT IN PERU, SOUTH AMERICA
The war began in 1980 due to the evolvement of several organizations such as the armed wing of the Communist Party of Peru (known as Shining Path) and the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement which was also involved in the conflict from 1982 to 1997.
Around 70,000 lives have been lost since. The violence wound down by the year 2000 and re-erupted in the year 2014. It has been the deadliest war to have occurred in Peru due to the fact that the civilians have been deliberately targeted.
8. INSTABILITY IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO, AFRICA
The crisis started in 1994 during the Rwanda genocide where the refugees immigrated to Congo. They formed army groups opposing opportunistic rebel groups. The Congolese government was unable to control the situation which led to the Second Congo War where there were approximately 5 million deaths.
Subsequently, there was the formation of the M23, one of the most prominent rebel groups. M23 rebelled against the Congolese government for supposedly reneging on a prior peace deal signed in 2009. It was defeated by the Congolese army and UN peacekeepers in 2013 after it gained control of Goma, a resource-rich provincial capital. Since M23’s defeat, other armed groups have emerged due to general lawlessness, chaos, and weak governance in eastern DRC.
Due to the weak government and the prevalence of many armed groups have subjected Congolese civilians to widespread rape and sexual violence, massive human rights violations, and extreme poverty today.
9. WEST PAPUA CIVIL WAR IN ASIA
The war in West Papua is by far the most extreme in the sense of the numerical value of people affected by the amount of awareness their struggle has.
The Papua conflict is an ongoing conflict between the Indonesian government and portions of the indigenous populations of Western New Guinea (Papua)in the western half of the island of New Guinea, formerly known as Dutch New Guinea. The government of Indonesia has been accused of performing a genocidal campaign against the indigenous inhabitants.
A 13-year dispute with the Netherlands over whether the former Dutch colony would become an independent state or an Indonesian province culminated in 1962 in its occupation and annexation by force by the Indonesian military and the denial of the right of self-determination to its people.
10. CABINDA WAR IN ANGOLA, AFRICA
Cabinda is a tiny region belonging to Angola but separated from it by a narrow strip from the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Cabinda’s shores are rich in oil and several African leaders have been desperately trying to split Cabinda from Angola to reap the benefits of its shores. The Angolan government has been fighting to keep Cabinda but Cabinda wants to be its own country.
A militia called FLEC fought a guerrilla war against Angola for decades, insisting that, by the original treaties made in the past years, the tiny province should be an independent country. All this dystrophy has been accompanied by several attacks in Cabinda. A compromise and ceasefire were announced in 2006, but Cabinda jumped back into the headlines in 2010 when a FLEC splinter group attacked a bus carrying the national soccer team of Togo as it passed through Cabinda. Three people were killed and seven more wounded.
11. THE NAGORNO-KARABAKH CONFLICT
Nagorno-Karabakh is a mountainous region inhabited almost entirely by ethnic Armenians but which is located within Azerbaijan’s internationally recognized borders. The population of this region is 95% Armenian and so the Soviet government designated the territory an autonomous region within Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s. In the 1980’s, the Soviet Union began to wobble which lead to a 6-year war as Nagorno-Karabakh wanted to officially join Armenia. Around 30,000 people died until Russia agreed to a ceasefire in 1994. Since then, violation of the ceasefire has been frequent and violent.
Nagorno-Karabakh’s self-styled ministry of defence said in an August 2 statement that Azerbaijani forces had made moves on Armenian positions, which an RFE/RL correspondent in the area said on August 2 had indeed come under fire.
How many wars happening in 2017 did you know about? Do let us know in the comment section below!