Several species of plants fall under the genus Verbena. Sun and soil requirements: Full sun (at least 8 hours a day) and average well-drained soil. Creeping stems often root into the soil or mulch. This versatile plant comes in more than 250 perennial and annual varieties that range from vivid trailing plants with copious blooms and plants in hanging baskets to six-foot tall cottage garden accent plants. The natural color of most verbenas is purple or red, but breeders have developed hybrids in colors such as white, pink and magenta. Depending on the species, perennial verbenas may grow in a low mat or on 1-foot-tall slender stalks, but all exhibit fast growth. Upright varieties are less common than trailing ones, but these tall-growing varieties are perfect in the back of perennial borders. The low-growing form and fine texture creates a sea of spring color, ideal planted as a perennial border or flanking a garden path. It is a true perennial and spreads easily to fill in empty spaces. V. bipinnatifida and V. rigida also have low-growing varieties -- "Valley Lavender" and "Flame," respectively. Verbena provide a bright spot of long-lasting color along borders, in cottage gardens or trailing out of containers. Verbena types available are the short-lived annual verbena (Verbena hortensis); the large-flowered, short-lived perennial verbena (sometimes referred to the species V. x hybrida types); and the smaller-flowered but long-lived perennial verbena loosely referred to by botanists as Verbena Hybrids (Verbena x tenera). It brings an extremely fine and delicate texture to the garden composition and should be used to full effect. A native to South America, moss verbena will bloom all spring and summer, making it useful as a ground cover. As a perennial, verbena grows well in zones 7-11, but as an annual in cooler climates and zones. Verbena, sometimes also called vervain, refers to a genus of annual and perennial plants in the Verbenaceae flower family. Bloom season: May through October. He got cuttings from a Denver customer whose grandmother (Annie) has been growing it in her Minnesota garden for many, many years. Verbena … Affording a variety of sizes, from ground-skimming moss and trailing types that reach 1' or less to Brazilians that grow 4-6' tall, Verbena is as versatile as it is beautiful! This plant is ideal for trailing from a … In addition to well-drained soil, the plants should be kept in an area with good air flow and not planted too close to one another, to reduce any possibility of mildew. Because most verbenas require little water, they also work well in a garden filled with other drought-tolerant plants. Verbenas produce flowers that last for several weeks in their first year of growth. Moss verbena, Glandularia pulchella, are perennials that are only hardy in zones 8 to 10 and are quite short lived.Purpletop vervain Verbena bonarienses, is hardy in zones 7 to 11.One of the hardiest of verbena are the Trailing Verbena Glandularia canadensis and there are several popular varieties. If you're looking for an upright verbena for your perennial garden, consider V. bipinnatifida, V. rigida or V. stricta, which all produce a cluster of purple flowers on a tall stem. Verbenas are not picky about soil type, although the soil should drain well to avoid fungal or mildew problems to which the plants are susceptible. The vine-like verbena, also called trailing verbena or Verbena canadensis, is ideal for ground cover or to drape gracefully over the sides of hanging baskets. Verbena plants are beautiful additions to any garden. Purpletop vervain (Verbena bonariensis) is hardy in zones 7-11. Clemson University Extension Service: Verbena. Although not hardy over a wide area, many gardeners treat this as a long-blooming annual, better than any other variety for mildew tolerance. It is drought tolerant and highly deer resistant for those areas that are suffering under increased deer pressure. CREEPING JENNY (Lysimachia nummularia) Creeping Jenny will grow just about anywhere. Trailing Verbena: USDA Zone: 7-9: Plant number: 1.538.130 (='Homestead Pink') Tumbling and spreading in habit, this gorgeous Verbena produces clusters of rich rose-pink flowers throughout the entire summer. Depending on the variety, will grow 12 to 30 inches in either upright or trailing forms. If left on their own in most gardens, they’ll be killed by the first hard frost, and you’ll need to replace them again in the spring. Excellent for edging or rock gardens, but especially great in containers, baskets and window boxes. Perennial verbenas that grow upright make lovely additions to meadow or cottage gardens. Perennial Verbena Varieties. It can reach heights up to 12-inches tall. Blooming continuously from summer to frost, the blossoms are so profuse that they literally smother the foliage of oval, toothed, mint-like leaves, creating an endless floral carpet. Popular in the ancient world for its healing properties and, today, as an essential oil, verbena has long been associated with divinity and the supernatural. A sensational trailing Verbena and a superb upgrade that replaces Aztec Magic, producing cascades of rich green, fine serrated foliage smothered in masses of rich velvet-red flowers. Blue Princess verbena (Verbena x hybrida ‘Blue Princess’). The genus consists of approximately 250 different species of flowering plants, most of which are native to Asia and America. Characteristics of a Perennial Verbena. Performs equally well in cool or hot summer regions. This … The trailing verbena and the ground skimming moss verbena may grow to a height of 1′ foot or less but will have a ground cover of around 2′ – 5′ feet. Blue vervain is a native North American species with flower stalks up to six feet. Those that grow low work well as a ground cover, to fill in crevices on a rock garden wall or placed at the edge of a container where the plant can trail out over the edge. Gardeners looking for a flowering annual with a long blooming time and an ability to attract butterflies should consider the reliable verbena. You should directly sow moss verbena seeds in late fall. Although not hardy over a wide area, many gardeners treat this as a long-blooming annual. Too much moisture and overcrowding can dampen its vigor. Perennial in Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11, but usually treated as an annual everywhere. Verbena is a sun-worshipper that excels in garden beds, window boxes, or hanging baskets. As an evergreen perennial, moss verbena (Verbena tenuisecta) has trailing blooms that grow 6 to 12 inches tall with a 3 to 6-foot spread. Spreads rapidly, forming a flat mat to 2 feet wide. Spreads like a vine and will likely need to be trimmed 2 or 3 times this season. This is a more primitive species of verbena that’s more true to its wild relatives. It brings an extremely fine and delicate texture to the garden composition and should be used to full effect.This plant will … © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. A favorite in cottage gardens, this drought-tolerant variety will grow as a perennial in zones 7-10. Tumbling and spreading in habit, this gorgeous Verbena produces clusters of rich purple flowers throughout the entire summer. If you’re growing Purpletop vervain or blue verbena, they may grow to a height of 4′ – 5′ feet, but will only reach a width of around 1′ – 2′ feet. The dark green foliage creeps and covers quickly. If you're looking for "volunteer" verbena next year, leave the soil undisturbed in he spring and you will see the verbena growth habit take control and spread new seedlings. In warmer climates verbena can also be used as a colorful perennial landscape plant. (='Homestead Pink') Tumbling and spreading in habit, this gorgeous Verbena produces clusters of rich rose-pink flowers throughout the entire summer. Blue vervain Verbena hastate is hardy all the way to zone 3. The plants have a low spreading form and will flower profusely all summer. It’s a big attractant of butterflies and bees. Verbena 'Homestead Purple' is a showy perennial flowering from May through October with rich-purple blooms covering the plant. Verbena rigida, a South American species, has flower … Native to South America. In our trial gardens in mid/north-Georgia this plant has demonstrated itself to be a hardy perennial. Verbena {bonariensis} provide a bright spot of long-lasting color along borders, in cottage gardens or trailing out of containers. It sports round evergreen leaves and bright yellow flowers. Evergreen Candytuft I expect this verbena to thrive all summer, as all my PW Superbenas have the last 5-6 years. Perennial Verbena are cold hardy varieties that are prized for their all-season flowering in the garden.Their colorful flowers are irresistible to butterflies and hummingbirds. Bonariensis Verbena. Perennial verbena differ in size and growth form, but also share many of the annuals' characteristics. Small, closely set leaves; flat-topped clusters of scarlet-and-white flowers on stems to 3 inches tall cover the foliage. The perennial verbena characteristics of this flower attracts butterflies and other pollinators; which is beneficial to all other flowers and plants in a garden. Verbena has liked almost every garden due to low maintenance and the tendency to bloom in spring. it’s a fast growing ground cover that looks great in rock gardens, containers, pots, + meadows. Fuchsias, geraniums and verbena are all tender perennials, meaning plants that are not cold hardy. Although a few of these are annuals and need to be replanted each year, many more are perennials and come back year after year. For best performance in garden beds, plant White Hail Verbena in locations that provide well-drained soil and plenty of sunshine. Each of the small flowers within a cluster has five petals that are partially fused to make a tubular flower. Verbena (vervain) Verbena has a long blooming time and attracts butterflies. drought and heat tolerant. Winter hardy in zones 8-11. Texas Rose verbena (Verbena x hybrida ‘Texas Rose’). Contrasting most other perennials, the verbena growth habit is an early spring bloom. While verbena plants require less pruning than other herbs and perennials, they do need some occasional trimming to keep them neat and to encourage new growth. Although not hardy over a wide area, many gardeners treat this as a long-blooming annual. Moss Verbena. Plants are low and spreading, making them ideal for use as a border or in groupings or mass plantings. V. canadensis has several varieties in colors ranging from red to lavender. Probably best combined with other spreading annuals that need loads of sun. Drought tolerant once established. Perennial verbenas do well in a wide range of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones, but most grow best in zones 5 and above. Ideal for hanging baskets and containers. Prairie Verbena is an amazing native perennial. Verbena prefers regular watering with well drained soil with good air circulation. It consists of perennial and annual varieties of flowers, which have more than 250 varieties. Their trailing stems make them ideal for containers. Clumps may be pruned hard in midsummer to rejuvenate the foliage and produce more flower buds. The most intense pruning will occur in early spring. Homestead Purple Verbena is an herbaceous perennial with a trailing habit of growth, eventually spilling over the edges of hanging baskets and containers. The typical leaf of a perennial verbena is small, with a toothed edge, and lightly covered in fine hairs. Trailing verbena (Glandularia canadensis) is hardy in zones 5-9. Probably the best trailing verbena available. Attracts butterflies. Trailing Verbena: USDA Zone: 7-9: Plant number: 1.538.150. Noted for its vigor, heat, drought and mildew tolerance, Verbena 'Superbena Pink Shades' is a trailing Verbena with masses of large clusters of deep rose-pink flowers over a long season. 6" tall x 24-30" wide. Garden verbenas (Verbena ×hybrida) are short-lived tender perennials grown as annuals in most climates. Small clusters of violet or pink flowers will appear among its fern-like leaves. That is why, in some climates, they are sold as annual flowers. Light shade is tolerated well. When in bloom, perennial verbena provides a show of flowers grouped in clusters. EnduraScape Blue Verbena is an herbaceous perennial with a trailing habit of growth, eventually spilling over the edges of hanging baskets and containers. Producing bright pink flowers, this verbena is a real show stopper. perfect for roadside plantings and reclamtion and can fill … Blooming its heart out from late spring to frost, Award-winning Verbena 'Homestead Purple' is one of the most popular trailing verbenas with its indefatigable clusters of rich, bright purple blossoms so useful at filling large areas of one's yard! Popular varieties include: Homestead Purple; Summer Blaze Annie's Perennial Verbena was recently brought into cultivation by nurseryman Kelly Grummons, owner of Timberline Gardens in Arvada, CO. Trailing Verbena (Glandularia canadensis; formerly Verbena canadensis): Trailing verbena is a native perennial throughout South Carolina. Rough verbena (Verbena rigida) – aka stiff verbena, tuberous vervain, sandpaper verbena – is hardy in zones 7-9. This is a newer hybrid variety of verbena that produces beautiful deep blue flowers. Because there … Needs only water, full sun and a dose of fertilizer every 7-10 days. Verbena peruviana, V. canadensis and V. tenusecta each grow as low, spreading mats. Finally, a truly cold hardy, long-lived, long blooming perennial Verbena has been discovered. This is a hardy annual grown best in cooler areas with fertile, moist soil. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Verbena Hybrid, Trailing Verbena (Verbena ) 'Imagination' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Regardless of the species, verbenas love heat and should be planted in the sunniest and warmest part of your garden. Moss Verbena. moss verbena is a low growing, creeping perennial in zone 6-11 and grown as an annual in other zones. This beautiful low growing trailing plant likes dry to medium moist sites and can be found along roadsides, pastures, and … The glossy, dark green foliage creates a lovely foil for the slightly fragrant purple flower heads. Copyright © 2000 - 2020 Valleybrook International Ventures Inc. Alphabetical list of all 4,000+ perennials here. Leave plenty of room because this verbena can spread to well beyond 3 feet in width.