McGregor, Likert, Chester Barnard, Kurt Lewin, and others, classified as exponents of the Human Behavioral School, modified the classical Human Behavior approach of Mayo. Elton Mayo and his associates […] Psychoanalysis vs Behaviorism Difference between psychoanalysis and behaviorism is a topic worth studying for every psychology student. This may be explained in … Knowing the difference between the two will be beneficial to you when applying for jobs, and working at your first real job. Prohibited Content 3. HRA considers organisation as a social system, with a culture of its own. 4. Plagiarism Prevention 4. & Behavioural Approach, evidence included.. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Disclaimer 9. Behavioural Science Approach: The ‘behavioural science’ approach utilises methods and techniques of social sciences such as psychology, sociology, social psychology and anthropology for the study of human behaviour. The human relations approach paved the way for the human resource approach which I feel our textbook portrays best as a movement rather than an approach. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT & BEHAVIOURAL VIEWPOINT: The classical view point is all about the different-different methods and different ways for manage work and organizations more effectively. 2. SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT 2. Summary Human relations and behavioral science theories deal with the human factor. It lays emphasis on individual needs and behaviour. It was based on Hawthrone experiments so its scope is limited. The advocates of the behavioral science approach consider that humans are much more complex than the economic man description of the classical approach and the social man description of the human relations approach. Introduction 2. For Example- Manager and employee, employee and employee. Disclaimer 9. Conflict is considered to be a part of modern organisation and it may have positive effect also. Behavioural scientists brought two new aspects to the study of management. It was based on Hawthrone experiments so its scope is limited. BSA studies individual behaviour as also group behaviour. (4) Historical approach ignores the study of society: It is regrettable that the historical approach amongst the traditionalists excludes the study of society and concentrate only on the origin and development of the State, Government and political institutions. Thus they do not do full justice to Political Science. Scientific Management Approach Vs The Human Relations Approach The Scientific Management Approach The Scientific Management set about was developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor at the end of the 19th 100 years to advance work productivity by investigating and setting up workflow processes. Conflict in organisation is taken as negatively and efforts are made to avoid it. This article will help you to differentiate between human relations approach and behavioural sciences approach. 1. Difference # Human Relations Approach (HRA): 1. HRA considers organisation as a social system, with a culture of its own. ADVERTISEMENTS: Human Relations Approach: 1. Report a Violation, Human Relations and Behavioural Approach | Differences, Behavioural Sciences Approach to Management. Where the Human Relations approach promotes employee empowerment, the scientific approach reduces the employee to a series of repetitive tasks and strips them of any sense of worth (Taylor, 1911). ORDistinction Between Human Relations and Behavioural Approaches As indicated earlier, Behavioural science approach is an improvement over the human relations thinking. approach to human relations," while "the good supervisor . Improvement of productivity, according to Mayo and his colleagues is the result of such social factors as morale, satisfactory interrelationships between members of a work-group, a sense of belonging and effective management. BSA not only considers organisational and personal conflicts as natural; but also recommends to use such conflicts for constructive purposes. Many of the conclusions of the Hawthorne studies were reaffirmed by the subsequent research studies, but certain ideas were extended and others highlighted by the behavioral scientists. Privacy Policy 8. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The Human Relations Approach was discovered in the early 1920's when people… 1. It focuses on the individual behavior of … Whereas Behavioural science is the behaviour or attitude of the individual towards the organization. It is concerned with humanization or socialisation aspects of managing. Explanation of human relations theory 4. The Human Relations approach has been proved that this approach is relevant nowadays, even though it has been written almost 7 decades ago. Distinguish between Human Relations and Behavioural approaches? TOS 7. sees himself as respecting the rights and dignity of others." ADVERTISEMENTS: 4. It shows that human relation approach is more acceptable to the world today, as well as the ability … 4. This theory generates ideas emphasizing the significance of team work and leadership, good communication, motivation, and … Psychology being a discipline that studies the behavior and mental processes of human beings uses a number of approaches to comprehend the diverse behavioral patterns and thoughts of individuals. Content Filtrations 6. The behavioral science approach to management is concerned with the social and psychological aspects of human behavior in organisation. It is concerned with humanization or socialisation aspects of managing. It lays emphasis on individual needs and behaviour. 5. Taylor applied science to his school of management so that economic efficiency could be achieved and that can also increase labor productivity. 3. HRA is narrower in scope. Copyright 10. The human relations approach is based off of much research and the findings of a simple test in a small town in Illinois. Human Relations is more concern on the workers’ need, which will change over the years. As obvious, the features of scientific management theory are; systematic approach , discard traditional management , requires str ict observance of Similarities of scientific management and human relations theory 5. Bass (1956) found that those who believed in consideration for subordinates were later rated as successful supervisors, while there was no relation between later rated success and opinions favoring initiation of structure. Behavioral science on the other hand is an approach that examines the behaviour of humans and borrows from the fields of economics and psychology to … The differences between … Behavioral Science Management is a further refinement of human relations approach. HRA considers organisational and personal conflicts as natural, and destructive. 4. HRA is narrower in scope. 3. The main difference between behaviorism and cognitive psychology is that behaviorism is based on the fact that human behavior is decided by the experiences one has had as consequences to various similar actions whereas cognitive psychology is based on the fact that humans have the capability to process and analyze various information in their mind.