10 July 1943. Although causing some of the heaviest casualties on U.S. carriers in 1945, the IJN had sacrificed 2,525 kamikaze pilots and the IJAAF 1,387—far more than it had lost in 1942 when it sank or crippled three carriers (albeit without inflicting significant casualties). The Japanese crashed over 1,900 planes in choreographed kamikaze dives around Okinawa — sinking a total 126 ships and damaging 64 others. LCT(5)-459 sunk off western France, 19 September 1944. Category:Ships sunk by kamikaze attack | Military Wiki | Fandom. USS Wasmuth (DMS-15) sunk by explosion of depth charges during gale off Aleutian Islands, 29 December 1942. USS Albacore (SS-218) sunk after striking a mine north of Hokkaido, Japan, 7 November 1944. Landing Ship, Medium (LSM) USS Corvina (SS-226) sunk after being torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-176 southwest of Truk, Caroline Islands, 16 November 1943. LCT(5)-244 sunk off northern France, 8 June 1944. This is usually abbreviated to tokkōtai (特攻隊). 97 examples: A mercenary is, almost by definition, not kamikaze material. PT-173 lost in transit, tanker torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-17, 100 miles south of Noumea, New Caledonia, 24 May 1943. LCT(5)-220 sunk at Anzio, Italy, 13 February 1944. The attacks expended 1,465 planes. In 1274 and 1281 Kublai Khan, the Mongol emperor of China, sent out great fleets to conquer Japan. Of that total, kamikaze … USS Grayling (SS-209) probably sunk by Japanese freighter Hokuan Maru west of Luzon, Philippine Islands, 9 September 1943. LCT(5)-486 sunk off northern France, 7 June 1944. USS YMS-71 sunk by a mine off Brunei, Borneo, 3 April 1945. USS LST-313 sunk by German aircraft off Gela, Sicily, 10 July 1943. [58], Some Japanese military personnel were critical of the policy. Twenty-two kamikazes penetrated the combat air patrol shield on April 6, sinking six ships and damaging 18 others. USS S-39 (SS-144) lost by grounding south off Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago,  [64], 1944–1945 Japanese suicidal aircraft attacks. 2. Bill Gordon, an American Japanologist who specialises in kamikazes, lists in a 2007 article 47 ships known to have been sunk by kamikaze aircraft. Inoguchi (1958, 211-34) lists the names of 34 ships sunkby kamikaze attacks, and Warner (1982, 323 … USS Asheville (PG-21) sunk by Japanese warships south of Java, Netherlands East Indies, 3 March 1942. Numbers quoted vary, but at least 47 Allied vessels, from PT boats to escort carriers, were … [42], Approximately 2,800 Kamikaze attackers sank 34 Navy ships, damaged 368 others, killed 4,900 sailors, and wounded over 4,800. YP-77 sunk in collision off Atlantic coast, 28 April 1942. Tropical diseases, as well as shortages of spare parts and fuel, made operations more and more difficult for the IJNAS. USS PGM-17 destroyed by grounding off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 4 May 1945. USS Swallow (AM-65) sunk after being hit by a single Kamikaze aircraft off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 22 April 1945. USS YMS-84 sunk by a mine off Balikpapan, Philippine Islands, 8 July 1945. YP-47 sunk by collision off Staten Island, New York, 26 April 1943. Seafires were heavily involved in countering the kamikaze attacks during the Iwo Jima landings and beyond. The vessel was named for Seaman Bartlett Laffey, who was awarded a Medal of Honor for bravery during the War Between the States. The St. Early on 21 October, a Japanese aircraft deliberately crashed into the foremast of the heavy cruiser HMAS Australia. 5 November 1944. USS Parrott (DD-218) scrapped after being damaged beyond repair in a collision with the SS John Norton at Hampton Roads, Virginia, 2 May 1944. LCT(5)-147 sunk off northern France, June 1944. Fisheries II (converted yacht) destroyed to prevent capture at Corregidor, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 5 May 1942. PT-32 destroyed to prevent capture, Tagauayan Island, Philippine Islands, 13 March 1942. Targeting the aircraft proved to be much less successful and practical than attacks against warships, as the bombers made for much faster, more maneuverable and smaller targets. Mine sweeper, High Speed (DMS) USS Morris (DD-417) seriously damaged by Kamikaze aircraft, 6 April 1945, off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, and not repaired after the end of the war. What I want to know is, did any kamikaze ever impact the side or hull of a ship? PT-338 grounded, 27 January 1945, and destroyed as a result of grounding, not in enemy waters, Semirara Island, Philippine Islands, 31 January 1945. YP-277 scuttled to avoid capture east of Hawaii, 23 May 1942. Probably sunk by the Japanese submarine I-25, 30 July 1942. USS Osprey (AM-56) sunk by a mine off Normandy, France, 5 June 1944. 18 February 1945, and scuttled off Saipan, Mariana Islands, 16 July 1945. Patrol Vessel, District (YP) PT-202 destroyed by enemy mine, off Point Aygulf, France, Mediterranean Sea, 16 August 1944. YP-270 destroyed by grounding, 30 June 1942. Lo, plowing into the flight deck. 14 August 1942. PT-107 destroyed by accidental fire while refueling in port, Hamburg Bay, Emirau Island, 18 June 1944. [citation needed], The carrier battles in 1942, particularly Midway, inflicted irreparable damage on the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (IJNAS), such that they could no longer put together a large number of fleet carriers with well-trained aircrews. USS Bristol (DD-453) sunk after being torpedoed by the German submarine U-371 off Cape Bougaroun, Algeria, 12 October 1943. In January 1943 the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Navy agreed that the formation of a joint committee to assess enemy Naval and merchant shipping losses during World War II would be desirable. USS Tucker (DD-374) sunk by a mine in Segond Channel, New Hebrides, 4 August 1942. LCT(6)-961 sunk at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 21 May 1944. YP-205 destroyed by grounding, 1 November 1942. [citation needed], Before the formation of kamikaze units, pilots had made deliberate crashes as a last resort when their planes had suffered severe damage and they did not want to risk being captured, or wanted to do as much damage to the enemy as possible, since they were crashing anyway. [14] But in most cases, little evidence exists that such hits represented more than accidental collisions of the kind that sometimes happen in intense sea or air battles. USS Minivet (AM-371) sunk by a mine in Tsushima Strait, Japan, 29 December 1945. USS Laffey (DD-459) sunk by the Japanese battleship Hiei off Savo, Solomon Islands,  Bibliography. USS LCS(L)(3)-15 sunk by Kamikaze aircraft off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 22 April 1945. LCT(5)-215 sunk off Salerno, Italy, 1943. Porcupine IX-126 on fire.jpg 510 × 293; … PT-110 sunk after collision in Ablingi Harbor, New Britain, 26 January 1944. USS Haggard (DD-555) seriously damaged by Kamikaze aircraft, 29 April 1945, off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, and not repaired after the end of the war. To the Japanese this salvation was kamikaze, “divine wind.”. YP-336 destroyed by grounding in the Delaware River, 23 February 1943. USS Meredith (DD-726) sunk by German aircraft after being damaged by a mine in the Bay of the Seine, Normandy, France, 9 June 1944. A group of pilots from the army's 31st Fighter Squadron on Negros Island decided to launch a suicide attack the following morning. PT-219 damaged in storm and scrapped, near Attu, Aleutian Islands, 14 September 1943. 31 January 1945. LCT(5)-315 sunk at Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 23 March 1944. LCT(6)-1050 sunk off Ie Shima, Ryukyu Islands, 27 July 1945. [2] Kamikaze attacks were more accurate than conventional attacks, and often caused more damage. USS Luce (DD-522) sunk after being hit by two Kamikaze aircraft off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 3 May 1945. USS Palmer (DMS-5) sunk by Japanese aircraft in Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 7 January 1945. Yacht, Coastal (PYc) According to a wartime Japanese propaganda announcement, the missions sank 81 ships and damaged 195, and according to a Japanese tally, kamikaze attacks accounted for up to 80% of the U.S. losses in the final phase of the war in the Pacific. Lo (CVE-63) sunk by Japanese aircraft during the Battle of Leyte Gulf off Samar, Philippine Islands, 25 October 1944. [40] Although the kamikaze was hit by gunfire, it managed to drop a bomb that detonated on the flight deck, making a crater 3 m (9.8 ft) long, 0.6 m (2 ft) wide and 0.6 m (2 ft) deep. USS LST-531 sunk by German motor torpedo boats in Lyme Bay, England, 28 April 1944. Lo, was struck by a … LCT(5)-19 sunk off Salerno, Italy, 15 September 1943. LCT(6)-579 sunk off Palau, Caroline Islands, 4 October 1944. This brutal "training" was justified by the idea that it would instill a "soldier's fighting spirit", but daily beatings and corporal punishment eliminated patriotism among many pilots. USS Houston (CA-30) sunk by gunfire and torpedoes of Japanese warships in Sunda Strait, Netherlands East Indies, 1 March 1942. PT-79 sunk in error by the USS Conyngham (DD-371) and USS Lough (DE-586) near Talin Point, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 1 February 1945. The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinking after being torpedoed by a German submarine in November 1941, the assisting destroyer HMS Legion was sunk in 1942. USS Strong (DD-467) sunk after being torpedoed by Japanese destroyer off New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 5 July 1943. USS LSM-318 sunk by Kamikaze attack off Ormoc, Leyte, Philippine Islands, 7 December 1944. Only one “fleet” carrier, the Essex-clas USS LST-480 sunk by explosion at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 21 May 1944. USS LST-523 sunk by a mine off Normandy, France, 19 June 1944. We were automatons who obeyed without thinking. YP-235 destroyed by undetermined explosion in the Gulf of Mexico, 1 April 1943. In fact, this ship was the second destroyer to bear the Irish sailor's name. Many of the kamikaze pilots believed their death would pay the debt they owed and show the love they had for their families, friends and emperor. YP-284 sunk by surface ships off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 25 October 1942. Mine sweeper (AM) USS YMS-39 sunk by a mine off Balikpapan, Philippine Islands, 26 June 1945. USS LSM-12 foundered after being damaged by a Japanese suicide boat off Okinawa,  USS LCI(L)-684 sunk off Samar, Philippine Islands, 12 November 1945. YP-405 destroyed by undetermined explosion in the Caribbean Sea, 20 November 1942. USS Escolar (SS-294) probably sunk after striking a mine in the Yellow Sea, 17 October 1944. PT-113 destroyed as a result of grounding, not in enemy waters, Veale Reef, near Tufi, New Guinea, 8 August 1943. 14 destroyers, including the last ship to be sunk, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 01:22. USS LST-203 destroyed by grounding near Nanumea, Ellice Islands, 2 October 1943. USS Chicago (CA-29) sunk after being torpedoed by Japanese aircraft off Rennel, Solomon Islands, 29 - 30 January 1943. Philippine Islands, 16 February 1945. 10 December 1941. USS Frederick C. Davis (DE-136) sunk after being torpedoed by German submarine U-546 in the North Atlantic, 24 April 1945. 17 September 1945.. Seki became the 24th kamikaze pilot to be chosen. The word 'kamikaze' means 'divine wind' or 'heavenly wind'. USS LCI(G)-468 sunk, 17 June 1944. Kamikaze pilots scored several direct hits that day. The sergeant major was posthumously promoted to second lieutenant by the emperor and was enshrined at Yasukuni. LCT(5)-154 sunk, 31 August 1943. USS Hovey (DMS-11) sunk after being torpedoed by Japanese aircraft in Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 6 January 1945. USS Golet (SS-361) sunk by Japanese warships off north Honshu, Japan, 14 June 1944. USS YMS-378 sunk by a mine off Normandy, France, 30 July 1944. YP-26 destroyed by undetermined explosion in the Canal Zone, Panama, 19 November 1942. Tokkōtai pilot training, as described by Takeo Kasuga,[51] generally "consisted of incredibly strenuous training, coupled with cruel and torturous corporal punishment as a daily routine". U.S. Coast Guard Ships USS LST-314 sunk by German motor torpedo boats off Normandy, France, 9 June 1944. Not a single armored surface combatant (cruiser or battleship) was seriously endangered by a kamikaze strike. [20] First Lieutenant Takeshi Kosai and a sergeant were selected. USS Hornbill (AMc-13) sunk after collision with the lumber schooner Esther Johnson in San Francisco Bay, California, 30 June 1942. Light Cruiser (CL) The last two ran at USS White Plains. YP-128 destroyed by grounding off Monterey, California, 30 June 1942. These instructions, among others, were meant to make pilots mentally ready to die. USS LST-808 grounded after being damaged by Japanese aircraft off Ie Shima, Ryukyu Islands, 18 May 1945, and destroyed, 11 November 1945. PT-353 destroyed by Australian aircraft, mistaken identification, Bangula Bay, New Britain Island, 27 March 1944. USS LST-333 sunk by German submarine U-593 off Dellys, Algeria, 22 June 1943. Asked about the soul of Japan, Five A6M Zeros, led by Seki, were escorted to the target by leading Japanese ace Hiroyoshi Nishizawa, and attacked several escort carriers. Ships Sunk or Damaged during 1945", "History and Technology - Kamikaze Damage to US and British Carriers - NavWeaps", Dr Richard P. Hallion, 1999, "Precision Weapons, Power Projection, and The Revolution In Military Affairs", "Advice to Japanese kamikaze pilots during the second world war", "The Hindu : International : A "Japanese hero" goes home", "Ore wa, kimi no tame ni koso shini ni iku (2007) – IMDb", Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office, Imperial Rescript to Soldiers and Sailors, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, German pre–World War II industrial co-operation, International Military Tribunal for the Far East, Japanese dissidence in 20th-century Imperial Japan, Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God, Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kamikaze&oldid=992017398, Aerial operations and battles of World War II, Military history of Japan during World War II, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
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