Many of these plants can also be found throughout the Rocky Mountains and in other areas of North America, and indeed the World. They can grow tall very rapidly beyond the height of browsing or they can produce defense compounds that make them less palatable to large ungulates like moose and elk. A few sample pages and photos are shown below: : This small plant is an evergreen which means that the leaves are kept throughout the year. : Creeping Oregon-grape, also known as holly-grape, is a low lying, evergreen shrub. The rough definitions for the flower forms are: Single - Flowers that are on a single stem and stand out separately from other flowers, e.g. Characteristics: This many-stemmed large shrub can reach a maximum height of 20 to 25 feet. (970) 586-1206 bee spiderflower. Leaves are small, obscurely lobed, and have a pine-citrus fragrance. His father, George S. Vasey, was Chief Botanist of the U.S. Department of Agriculture during the Curator of the U.S. National Herbarium at the Smithsonian Institution during the 19. : Arid, rocky, open sites from montane to subalpine. Home | Search | Gallery | How To | About | Blog ©2006-2020 Marilyn Phillips. It's the only member of the maple family that can do this. I have included a very few species from the Colorado Plateau which presented themselves to me in my wanderings. Common names are from state and federal lists. Western Mountain Ash. United States, AZ, Flagstaff, Arboretum. The leaves are small and compound, with fine hairs. Most of the berries are fuzzy and can be course and seedy. 3) Rocky Mountain Tree Identification: Lodgepole Pine Tree. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. : Kinnikinnick, also known as bear berry, is an important staple in the diet of park wildlife. melanocarpa. Welcome to the profusion of wildflowers, grasses, ferns and trees that can be found growing on peaks and in valleys, on mesas and in canyons from the Bandelier Wilderness in New Mexico to the Wet Mountains and Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness in Colorado. Habitat: Wax Current is one of the most common shrubs in dry, sunny montane forests. Characteristic: It's easy to identify this species because of the light-pink, 5 petaled flowers in early summer and the bright red rose hips in the fall. Keep an eye out for these bright red raspberries and taste the wilderness of Rocky Mountain National Park. These berries can range in taste from tart to sweet, with some even being tasteless. Habitat: Chokecherries can be found inhabiting dry open areas to moist river beds. In fall the leaves become an incandescent yellow or a glowing deep orange-red. They provide food and construction material for beavers and their dams which benefit ecosystem processes. In June small purple-blue clusters of juicy berries are produced. Plants native to a particular area are well adapted to those soil and climatic conditions. It covers 119 species, with one flower per page. Cinqfoil. Habitat: Rocky Mountain juniper inhabitsmontane areas from 5000 ft.-8000 ft., (1500 m.-2400 m.). : Found on forested slopes and rocky regions. The flowers produce raspberries in early and midsummer. The long tubular flowers are perfect for hummingbirds to feed on the nectar of these plants. The berries can be toxic to humans if ingested. Its tall reddish-grey slender stalks can reach a height of 15 feet making it seem more like a small tree at times. Requires full sun and well drained soil. The berries are feasted upon by small mammals, birds, and even humans. Fun Facts: This unique species contains 2-6% rubber which allows the branches to be very flexible. I would like to stress that I am not an authority in flower identification, just a hobbyist who knows how to build websites. When the plant is mature, the bark becomes flaky, papery and thin. Willow shrub stems are rich with sap and the roots are large and fibrous to reach water below the ground. Plant Name. Blooming occurs throughout May; fruiting occurs throughout June. : Chokecherries can be found inhabiting dry open areas to moist river beds. In the past, rabbitbrush was burned to smoke hides. They also resist pest insects and diseases common in that area. Our Apple Pie Shrub is sweet and spicy, just like Mom used to make. This plant happily grows on bare cliff faces in Colorado and windswept plains in Wyoming where it may get a few inches of rain a year at best. Habitat: Shrubby cinquefoil thrives in dry to wet areas and rocky regions to open meadows. Flowers were also boiled to extract a yellow color to be used as a dye. Green leaves in summer turn a brilliant scarlet in autumn making for a spectacular display. Sagebrushes are members of the sunflower family. : Chokecherry is one of the most notable shrubs in Rocky Mountain National Park. This is a deterrent for predators that would prey on these insects. Stay tuned....But for the moment we have started with some of … This is my online record of the flora of the Southern Rocky Mountains. The diversity of the terrain yields an incredible variety of plant life from the rugged cacti of the canyons to the tiny forget-me-not of the alpine tundra. Creamy white flowers bloom from May to June. : This deciduous shrub can reach a height of 3 to 4 feet. : The characteristics of this plant vary slightly from the east to west side of the park. Ends of branches can have up to fifty flower heads. This conserves energy during the winter by stopping photosynthesis. Here are three good books to consider: 1. The cones are green or purple and contain 1 to 3 seeds per cone. To learn more about flower identification, stop by a park visitor center or check with the Rocky Mountain Nature Association for guidebooks. Colorado is a large state with diverse climates and soil conditions. Characteristics: Creeping Oregon-grape, also known as holly-grape, is a low lying, evergreen shrub. Lilac shrubs are beautiful, fragrant and a great addition to any garden. I have found flora in the Gunnison, San Isabel, Santa Fe, Rio Grande, Carson and San Juan National Forests, and also walking to the Post Office. Hardy USDA Zone 3 Found on dry, rocky rides of the eastern Rocky Mountains from Alberta to Texas, westward to British Columbia and eastern Oregon (in the Wallowas). In June, tubular pink flowers blossom. Characteristics: Leaves are usually fuzzy. The leaves are a light smoky grey color. Fall leaves transform into stunning rustic orange and vibrant red. : There are two Junipers in Rocky Mountain National Park, Rocky Mountain juniper. : This hardy plant is often used as an ornamental shrub. Large 4 lobed deep yellow flowers are borne sparsely from early to mid Spring. Fun Facts: The long tubular flowers are perfect for hummingbirds to feed on the nectar of these plants. Leaves are compound and exhibit a range of green shades in spring and summer. Fireweed blossoms. Scientific name:Padus virginiana ssp. Characteristics: A shrub or a short tree often shaped like a pyramid, with an irregular to slightly rounded crown. Willow growth and height in the park is determined by large ungulate and beaver browsing. Plant Identification for Colorado Plants, Edible Colorado Plants, Wild Colorado Plants, Native Colorado Plants "Identifying and Harvesting Edible and Medicine Plants in the Wild," by Steve Brill. In June small purple-blue clusters of juicy berries are produced. : This unique species contains 2-6% rubber which allows the branches to be very flexible. Dark purple cones at the top of these trees point up and as with all the firs the cone scales fall apart to release the seeds devoured by animals and birds. For full-size, high-resolution photographs or to use the photos for commercial purposes, please email me for permission and prices. Apple pie is delicious ANY time of year! This prevents the bears from defecating during winter hibernation. When the plant is mature, the bark becomes flaky, papery and thin. The leaves are narrow and have three- toothed tips which can resemble a three pronged trident. The light purple berry-like cones only appear on female plants. Characteristics: Chokecherry is one of the most notable shrubs in Rocky Mountain National Park. Acer glabrum var. Large white flowers bloom in late spring. This Colorado Rocky Mountain Wildflower app is intended for nature lovers of all kinds; those who love details, those who are casual observers, and those who want lovely photographs to enjoy on the comfort of their couch. How to use this Guide Using this guide you will quickly be able to identify a flower. Flowers are tiny, yellow and many are in a dense cluster. I have listed my … Elephant head (close) Fairy bell. Arnica. Fun Facts:The leaves usually will have three deep lobes. When spring rolls around and there is more sunlight the leaves transition to green and photosynthesis begins again. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Upland. Click below on a … The berries they produce are actually cones, so take a closer look when you see one. As the name suggests, common juniper is fairly common over much of the globe. Through winter, the Information Office is open 8:00 am–4:30 pm Mon–Fri. The bright yellow flowers can be found from April to July. During fall and winter the leaves turn from a green to a red-orange. Willow have declined in Rocky Mountain National Park meadows because there are fewer beaver and elk overbrowse their leaves and stems. In late August the pink flowers swell to form a translucent orange-red berry. The leaves are a deep forest green in contrast to the blush red stems. None of the photos have been digitally altered except to crop the original image to a suitable size. Handbook of Rocky Mountain Plants by Ruth Ashton Nelson. That the major search engines index the site and rank it highly has more to do with my expertise in search engine optimization than my skills in botany. When spring rolls around and there is more sunlight the leaves transition to green and photosynthesis begins again. Height can range from 1 to 3 feet tall and is densely branched. It's a great solution to erosion and can be used to stabilize slopes. 3. They have elongated leaves. Cryptomeria globosa Shrubs. Consider the length of the growing season, soil characteristics and exposure before selecting trees and shrubs for specific sites. This is a deterrent for predators that would prey on these insects. Characteristics: Yellow rabbitbrush is one of a few plants that bloom as late as August to October. Add a splash to cinnamon tea for a hot toddy, or mix with your favorite whiskey or bourbon. Seeds: Light brown, v-shaped seeds that fly like little helicopters if caught in the wind. Fact Sheets & Plant Guides: Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images : Complete PLANTS Checklist: State PLANTS Checklist: Advanced Search Download Fun Facts: This small plant is an evergreen which means that the leaves are kept throughout the year. Reny's Wildflowers: Reny Parker's wildflower galleries, with "over 1,820 images identified to 79 plant families." The primary purpose of this guide is to enable you to quickly and easily identify a plant, but also to give you an appreciation of the amazing diversity and beauty of the flowers that flourish here, the land that nurtures them and their need for protection. Rocky Mountain Maple. Has stout shoots and oblong sharply toothed mid green leaves. Many clusters of yellow flowers bloom April through June. Acer glabrum var. There are several subspecies of big sagebrush in the western United States. The photos on the website may be used for personal or academic purposes as long as they are clearly credited to rockymountainsflora.com. The height can be 16 to 49 feet, with a trunk diameter up to 3 feet. Almost 100% of the photos were taken with a digital camera; very few now are scanned slides or prints. It is the only conifer to be found throughout the northern hemisphere. True sages (, This name for this subspecies honors George Richard Vasey, an accomplished field botanist. My exploration of the many trails in these areas, my interest in wildflowers and photography, and career in computer system design came together in this creation. Habitat: Found on forested slopes and rocky regions. Habitat: Arid, rocky, open sites from montane to subalpine. They occur in pairs and have a pale-green to grayish-green hue. This index gives you an up-close image of the flowers. Mountain big sagebrush is more moisture demanding than the other subspecies and grows at higher elevations. Wax Currants literally blanket the Rockies from as low as the Foothillsto as high as the Montane Zone. "Peterson's Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants" has different books that are specific to a region of North America. More species were found east of the Continental Divide in the rugged canyons and foothills of the Wet Mountains and south in the arid arroyos and mesas, lakes and rivers of northern New Mexico. Rocky Mountain Sumac is not new to the trade but a convincing xeric shrub we’re proud to offer for its attributes of being able to handle very dry conditions, poor alkaline soils and heavy wind. Garden BulbsPlantsFront Yard LandscapingGarden ShrubsTypes Of MulchShrubsSmall Evergreen ShrubsShrubs For LandscapingCypress Mulch. In late August the pink flowers swell to form a translucent orange-red berry. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Native Americans also collected these berries. Flowers can appear in more than one group. During fall and winter the leaves turn from a green to a red-orange. See How To for more information on using this guide. : Rocky Mountain juniper thrives in this variable environment because they retain their leaves all year. Subordinate Taxa. The flowers produce raspberries in early and midsummer. In fall the leaves turn a spectacular color of dark orange to rich red. This book comprises fairly technical keys for wildflower identification and includes over 350 black-and-white illustrations. However, many insects eat the foliage because they can absorb some of the toxin and in turn become poisonous. Height can range from 1 to 4 feet depending on slope, soil saturation, and amount of sunlight. Habitat: Can be found in montane and subalpine forests, dry to moist ranges. His father, George S. Vasey, was Chief Botanist of the U.S. Department of Agriculture during the Curator of the U.S. National Herbarium at the Smithsonian Institution during the 19th century. Unlike the needle-like leaves of Common Juniper, the leaves of Rocky Mountain juniper are small, waxy, and scale-like. The tiny bell shaped flowers hang in small clusters and have a pinkish-white color. Large white flowers bloom in late spring. In Cheyenne, it blooms in early June. Butterflies and bees are attracted to the flower clusters, which are reminiscent of lilacs. The bright yellow flowers can be found from April to July. : Can thrive in montane to alpine slopes in well drained wooded or open areas. Rocky Mountain Vinegar Shrubs is a Colorado Proud (TM) Company WE DELIVER LOCALLY IN GREATER DENVER AT DISCOUNTED RATES WE SHIP THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES .
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