Dioscorea batatas, Dcne. Ask a Question. Antidiabetic effects of Carassius auratus complex formula in high fat diet combined streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice It was introduced in Europe in the 19 th century when the potato crop was affected by disease. Acorus (shichangpu) is often used for clearing the phlegm-mist type of turbidity that affects mental function, but is also used for turbidity elsewhere. The formula has three basic therapeutic actions: The three therapeutic actions taken together help alleviate excessive vaginal discharge (whether as leukorrhea or bleeding). Background: The aim of this study was to explore the estrogenic effects of the extracts from Chinese yam and its effective compounds. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Burrowes, J. D. and Ramer, N. J. (# 9464, 9165), Dioscorea bulbifera L. (# 11609), Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. Life Sciences 1996;59:L147-L157. One of the well-known formulations with tokoro is the Tokoro Combination (Bixie Fenqing Yin), which is comprised of equal parts tokoro, alpinia, acorus, and lindera (4). Dioscorea opposita synonyms, Dioscorea opposita pronunciation, Dioscorea opposita translation, English dictionary definition of Dioscorea opposita. [5][6], This plant originating in China now grows throughout East Asia (Japan, Korea, Kuril Islands, Philippines, Vietnam). It does not have the function of clearing heat, but it is able to separate dampness from heat and separate the clean part of water from the turbid part and it is good at eliminating dampness. 2 synonyms for Chinese yam: cinnamon vine, Dioscorea batata. An Ayurvedic herb, saraca (see: Excessive uterine bleeding), is also helpful for this purpose. Aumsuwan P, Khan SI, Khan IA, et al. [39], Originated from Jiaozuo (焦作), previously known as "Huai Qing Fu (怀庆俯)", Xu, Dermatology in Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2004, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Forest Invasive Plants of the Northeastern Area - Chinese Yam or Cinnamon Vine", Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States, entry for, "Yamatoimo no tentō ni okeru shōhisha no sentaku yōin", "The Taste of Japan: The Story of Grated Yam Dishes", "Jōyo manjū no kawa no reōrojī-teki seishitsu", "Intra-specific ploidy variations in cultivated Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. In the description above, the turbidity is made evident in the cloudy urine or the large amount of milky fluid (leukorrhea), and this is associated here with accumulation of damp in the lower burner; the accumulation is related to blockage of the free flow of moisture. Alpinia is a warming kidney tonic that also tonifies the spleen and disperses damp accumulation. Diosgenin, a spirostanol glycoside, is being investigated as a potential treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (3), though in amounts much larger than would be obtained from shanyao in traditional preparations. Rarely, also referred to as shǔyù (薯蕷). Dioscorea opposita, Thunb., nom. and bronchitis. Dioscorea Opposita is the Chinese wild yam which can be eaten raw. Alibaba.com offers 228 dioscorea villosa extract products. Saussurea is also included in the prescription for its warming and moisture dispersing qualities. Pharmacology: Constituents: The species considered to be yams are defined by their constituent, diosgenin.This saponin is present in species originating in North America or in Asia. Noun 1. [13] Botanical works that point out the error may list, e.g., Dioscorea opposita auct. Tubers of Dioscorea cayennensis Lam. Dioscorea cayenensis, ... Dioscorea villosa, Smilax, Convolvulus arvensis. 5.0 out of 5 stars 3. Dioscorea latifolia Benth. Wetland Status. Dioscorea villosa [1] är en enhjärtbladig växtart som beskrevs av Carl von Linné. $22.95 $ 22. Furthermore, this herb also enters the lung and kidney meridians, so it effective for tonifying and stabilizing the qi and yin of these organs. View abstract. The leaves are up to 11 centimeters long and wide. It grows wild from Rhode Island to Florida and Texas and has the characteristic highly ornamental heart-shaped leaves and vining habit. It is named after the ancient Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides.. * It has no odor, and but little taste beyond a slight acridity after prolonged chewing. Noun 1. Evaluation of wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) root extract as a potential epigenetic agent in breast cancer cells. [3][4] The edible tubers are cultivated largely in Asia and sometimes used in alternative medicine. They twine clockwise. It is troublesome in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, where its range is "rapidly expanding". Wild yam ( Dioscorea villosa) Wild yam is a perennial plant, with tuberous roots, which grow feral in North America, near lakes, swamps, humid forests and hillsides. The latter produces smaller tubers (10 cm or 4 in) that are usually replanted for the next year. The leaves are usually alternate and simple. The sedative action of the herb is due to alkaloids (lotus has sedative action due to alkaloids as well). View abstract. Dioscorea oppositifolia is a fast growing twining vine that has escaped from cultivation. The obstruction in the joints is partly due to stagnation and turbidity of fluids in the joint space. Cuttlefish bone (the bone of a cephalopod similar to the squid) has properties that are much like those of another famous Chinese medicine, mantis egg-case (see the article: Sangpiaoxiao San). J Ren Nutr 2006;16(4):304-311. Ze dragen kleine groepen naar kaneel geurende, witte bloemen in de oksels. These other two species have in common the treatment of phlegm accumulation and wind-damp syndromes (arthritis and skin inflammation) which represent manifestations of turbidity and moisture accumulation, conditions generally treated by Dioscorea species. Heat causes dampness, which is often associated with swelling and/or discharge, to produce symptoms of itching, burning, and redness; the discharge may become discolored rather than clear or white. thwaitesii Prain & Burkill Dioscorea oppositifolia is a type of yam ( Dioscorea ) native to Myanmar ( Burma ) and to the Indian Subcontinent ( India , Sri Lanka , Bangladesh ). Araghiniknam M, Chung S, Nelson-White T, and et al. A wide variety of dioscorea villosa extract options are available to … Dioscorea sativa Thunb. illeg. These images can help to accurately identify the plant during different seasons of the year. Alternatively, the peeled tubers are cut into pieces and served - either raw, after cooking, steaming or frying, along with seasoning sauces. [20] Cultivars of this species (such as yamatoimo) is sometimes called "Japanese mountain yam",[21] though that term should properly be reserved for the native Dioscorea japonica.[8]. Common Name: Aerial Yam. The common long, cylindrical type is known as nagaimo (lit. [22] Huáishān has also been used in traditional Chinese medicine. Evaluation of wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) root extract as a potential epigenetic agent in breast cancer cells. The largest may weigh 10 pounds and grow one meter underground. The main active constituents in rehmannia and cornus are iridoid glycosides (see typical structure, below) which have numerous potential benefits, including reducing liver inflammation, lowering blood sugar, protecting the retina, and alleviating menopausal conditions, such as hot flashes and osteoporosis. New plants sprout from the bulbils or parts of them. The other commonly used variety of Dioscorea is commonly called tokoro, the Chinese name is bixie (the characters for this name are unique for the plant). Dioscorea opposita synonyms, Dioscorea opposita pronunciation, Dioscorea opposita translation, English dictionary definition of Dioscorea opposita. View abstract. There are approx. The plant is not self-fertile. "), or huáishānyào (怀(淮)山药, 怀(淮)山藥)(lit. Yang Yifan also describes it: Bixie is bitter and neutral and enters the liver, stomach, and bladder meridians. It is added to savory soups, or can be sweetened with a berry sauce. Huangyaozi is also used to treat eczema and other skin diseases (abscesses, sores, etc.) Dioscorea opposita, Thunb., nom. 2 synonyms for Chinese yam: cinnamon vine, Dioscorea batata. Antidiabetic effects of Carassius auratus complex formula in high fat diet combined streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice ex Griseb. 95 ($11.48/Fl Oz) $4.95 shipping. A mucilage (starch-protein complex) from the tuber is also considered of potential value. Hamilton. Dioscorea villosa wild yam Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It is especially used by women. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Removal of potassium from tuberous root vegetables by leaching. Find the perfect dioscorea villosa stock photo. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). Zhidai means to stop the discharge; dai refers most specifically to a "thready" discharge and is the term often used for leukorrhea, but coagulated blood, as discharged during menstruation, will also produce the condition called dai. However, the main active components of dioscorea are steroidal compounds, diosgenin and its variants. thwaitesii Prain & Burkill Dioscorea oppositifolia is a type of yam ( Dioscorea ) native to Myanmar ( Burma ) and to the Indian Subcontinent ( India , Sri Lanka , Bangladesh ). It is considered an effective herb for hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer, but must be used cautiously as there have been reports of liver damage due to use of this herb. The yam bulbils are referred to as shanyao dou 山药豆, i.e. It is in flower from September to October. Removal of potassium from tuberous root vegetables by leaching. Dioscorea crispata Roxb. Antioxidant activity of Dioscorea and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in older humans. The Chinese name is chuangu (river bone), referring to the fact that it is grown in water and its rhizome is white like bone. While rehmannia and cornus are the most frequently used herb formula ingredients with iridoids, other Chinese herbs also contain them as active ingredients, mainly gardenia and plantago seed. All three are sometimes called bitter yam. One of the main proteins, called dioscorin, is being investigated for potential health benefits, including antioxidant activity. Texas lists this plant as an ecological threat ([[email protected]]). illeg. [31] Or the yam is first grated crudely using an oroshigane grater, and subsequently worked into a smoother paste in the suribachi using a wooden pestle. There are approx. The small white flowers smell of cinnamon. pregnancy, upcoming surgery, etc. (#11614), tubers of Dioscorea quaternata Walter (#11616), Dioscorea spp. Dioscorea opposita Thunb. Damp and heat are two pathological influences that can combine together, producing a "damp-heat" syndrome. In the leaf axils appear warty rounded bulbils under 2 centimeters long. Both of those herbs help to treat damp accumulation and heat. It is smaller than the African yam. Synonyms for Dioscorea opposita in Free Thesaurus. by Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon, There are several herbs derived from species of Dioscorea used in Chinese herb formulas, though only two are used with some frequency. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Related Links. Dioscorea oppositifolia var. [29], Sometimes the grated yam is used as an additive for making the skin of the manjū confection, in which case the product is called jōyo manjū (薯蕷饅頭) 'yam manjū'. Bixie is particularly used for treating cloudy urine or a large amount of leukorrhea due to dampness accumulation in the lower burner. Dioscorea polystachya or Chinese yam (Chinese: 山药), also called cinnamon-vine,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the yam family. It should be noted that Dioscorea hypoglauca is being investigated for anticancer activity (6), especially of the component protodioscin (which is also found in the Chinese herb tribulus). The suggested method of using Iridoid Complex is to have patients take 1 tablet three times daily (or 2 tablets twice daily) along with another therapy, such as a kidney tonic formula, in order to greatly increase the amount of the key ingredients and better assure effectiveness of the treatment. Burrowes, J. D. and Ramer, N. J. The pharmacology of diosgenin and the other steroidal compounds from dioscorea have not been investigated to a great extent (a small amount of investigation was done over 20 years ago); however, the effects may overlap those of many similar compounds found in herbal medicines, especially Chinese herbs (see: Platycodon and other Chinese herbs with triterpene glycosides). (# 9463, 9167), Dioscorea opposita Thunb. [26][27] This may cause a slight irritation to the hand, and wearing a latex glove is advised, but if an itch develops then lemon juice or vinegar may be applied.[27][25]. What are synonyms for Dioscorea opposita? It is sometimes called Chinese potato or by its Japanese name nagaimo. It may also be useful in resolving phlegm-masses, such as occurs with neurofibromatosis. In Japan, three groups of this species in cultivation are recognized. Antioxidant activity of Dioscorea and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in older humans. Chinese yam is referred to as shānyào (山药 / 山藥) in Chinese and the tuber is consumed e.g. In the modern Chinese Materia Medica, dioscorea is listed with the qi tonic herbs because of its traditional use for alleviating diarrhea, despite the fact that it is much more frequently used in kidney-nourishing formulas, where it contributes to stabilizing the kidney and restraining "essence leakage.". By far the most common is Dioscorea opposita, for which the rhizome (tuber) is used; it is called shanyao (mountain herb). It is more tolerant of frost than other yams and can occur in temperate climates as far north as New York. From shop FloraNFaunaFarm. (tegenoverstaand) (Dioscorea batatas, Decne.) In Chinese it is known as huáishān (怀(淮)山),[16] shānyào (山药, 山藥) (lit. The bulbils are sometimes informally referred to as "yam berries" or "yamberries". [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i … Texas lists this plant as an ecological threat ([[email protected]]).
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