Thuringia's economy is marked by the economic transition that happened after the German reunification and led to the closure of most of the factories within the Land. As Germany's most central Land, Thuringia is an important hub of transit traffic. It has an area of and 2.29 million inhabitants, making it the sixth smallest by area !-- 54% of Thuringia's territory is in agricultural use. In 1871, the area of the modern state of Thuringia (Thüringen) belonged to: Reuss Elder Line (ältere Linie), German Empire Genealogy Looking to expand your search outside of Thuringia? With industrialisation the old iron, copper and silver mines declined, because the competition of imported metal was to strong. The most regional and local trains offer hourly service, but some run only every two hours. Most of the new German towns were planned and built in a grid-like pattern with a rectangular market square in the center. Thuringia has been known by the nickname of "the green heart of Germany" from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest covering the land. Royalty. Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatusfirst mentioned the Thuringii around 400; during that period, the Thuringii wer… Saint Hedwig was her mothers sister and St. Isabel of Portugal was her great-niece. The economic progress is quite different between the regions of Thuringia. She was a German Glass Chemist.. We have suggestions. Between 1950 and 2000, most of the secondary railways got abandoned, so that Thuringia's network today is only half as long as in 1940. The capital is Erfurt. It is in use for holiday flights to the Mediterranean and other touristic regions. The accession of several new countries, the crisis in southern Europe and the constant growth in Germany since 2005 led to the fact, that Thuringia is ranked within the EU average by now. An older theory claims that they were successors of the Hermunduri, but later research rejected the idea. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. 19847 rheinland-pfalz, 20445 sachsen-anhalt, 21100 hessen, The most important railways are the Thuringian Railway, connecting Halle (Halle (Saale)) and Leipzig via Weimar, Erfurt, Gotha and Eisenach with Frankfurt and Kassel and the Saal Railway from Halle Leipzig via Jena and Saalfeld to Nuremberg. There are many wood and pulp-paper factories next to the forested areas. Agriculture and forestry have declined in importance over the decades. 1697800 mecklenburg-vorpommern, 1750194 hamburg, Many famous people from all branches of arts and culture have left their traces in the cultural state of Thuringia. One of the most well-known hiking routes in Europe, the so-called Rennsteig, runs along the crest of the mountain range for a length of 168 km. Article 18 of the constitution enabled a new delimitation of the German territory but set high hurdles: ''Three fifth of the votes handed in, and at least the majority of the population are necessary to decide on the alteration of territory''. Newly created settlements in land clearing areas in the southern and or forested parts of Silesia were built as ''Waldhufen villages'', in other regions either as ''Zeilen villages'', villages arranged, Economy The name Thuringia or Thüringen derives from the Germanic tribe Thuringii, who emerged during the Migration Period. Thuringia is surrounded by the states of Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony. There he, together with Johann von Burgk, edited his first master, a collection of sacred songs, called, was turned down due to opposition of the states and concerns of the government. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. The Munich-Nuremberg Express provides a fast local service between the two cities over the high-speed link to Ingolstadt and Munich, offering a cheaper alternative to the ICE. She was married to Jörg Zimmermann. The most common trees are spruce, pine and beech. We have reviews of the best places to see in Thuringia. Industry and mining 2319000 thüringen, 2451000 saxony-anhalt, This Research Wiki, the FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the localities and place names as of 1871. Germany has won more Winter Olympics gold medals than any other country in the last 20 years, and half of Germany's all-time total of 136 Winter Olympic gold medals (through the Sochi games in 2014) have been won by Thuringian athletes. The high economic subsidies granted by the federal government and the EU after 1990 are in gradual cutbacks and will end around 2020. The Leipzig–Altenburg Airport next to Altenburg was in use between 2003 and 2011 for Ryanair flights. There are 3,000 census records available for the last name Thuringia. More frequent services are laid on especially at peak times. Thuringia is known in Germany for nature and winter sports. By Train Margot Trooger was born on June 2, 1923 in Rositz, Thuringia, Germany as Margot Elfriede Schulze. * The Hainich Forest - Germany's thirteenth national park with its magnificent tree-top walk Since that year, the economy has seen an upturn and the general economic situation has improved. Well-known centres of the Thuringian industry are Jena (a world centre in optical production with companies like Carl Zeiss (Carl Zeiss AG), Schott (Schott AG) and Jenoptik) and Eisenach, where BMW started its car production in the 1920s and an Opel factory is based today. Famous People From Thuringia - Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Mining was important in Thuringia since the later Middle Ages, specially within the Thuringian Forest and its mountain towns like Schmalkalden, Suhl and Ilmenau. Talk Get around Eccard was born at Mühlhausen, Thuringia, Germany. 24174 mecklenburg-vorpommern, 29479 brandenburg, It is home to a group of four ancient cities and the Wartburg Castle – recognized as the most important castle in Germany; Rennsteig, the most popular hiking trail in the country; and Oberhof, a famous winter resort. Area 6,244 square miles Between 1950 and 1990 uranium mining was also important to cover the Soviet Union's require for this metal. It is well known how that story ended and we do not need to comment on that any further. Almost all lines are run at fixed frequencies, mainly hourly. Search US census records for Thuringia more, Historic Sites, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites, Specialty Museums, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Science Museums, Specialty Museums, Observatories & Planetariums, Specialty Museums, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Art Museums. Only the segment west of Erfurt of the Frankfurt-Dresden line will stay in use for ICE trains after 2017, but an increase of velocity to 200 km h is planned here (now: 160 km h). Germany has won more Winter Olympics gold medals than any other country in the last 20 years, and half of Germany's all-time total of 136 Winter Olympic gold medals (through the Sochi games in 2014) have been won by Thuringian athletes. Other Universities of this federal state (States of Germany) are the Ilmenau University of Technology (Technische Universität Ilmenau), the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar (Bauhaus-Universität Weimar). Regular flights are carried out via the major airports around like Frankfurt Airport, Berlin Brandenburg Airport and Munich Airport. Especially the small and mid-sized towns in central and southwestern Thuringia (e. g. Arnstadt, Schmalkalden and Ohrdruf) are marked by a distinct industrial structure, whereas there are less industrial companies within the northern and eastern parts of the Land.
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