The government should be more forthcoming in supporting this sector as part of its Digital Bangladesh initiative. E-commerce technologies cut transaction costs by allowing both manufactures and consumers to skip through the intermediaries. A wide range of technologies is used in e-commerce that includes electronic data interchange (EDI), electronic mail (e-mail), electronic funds transfer (EFT). It was estimated that the number of deliveries per day added up to about 15,000 to 20,000 at the retail level. Wireless networks like GSM, CDMA, TDMA, GPRS and UMTS enables a user of a mobile device to … For example, a user of the credit card gets reminded from the institution stating the amount of outstanding balance, minimum amount due and the due date.  Traditional markets are only expected 2% growth during the same time. Customers can also review and track the order history online. Out of which $10 million was from Foreign Direct Investment. This form of e-commerce involves the purchase of books or any form of consumer goods. Shoppers are given a broader range of products to choose from online. Commerce constitutes the exchange of products and services between businesses, groups and individuals and can … E-commerce requires the company to have the ability to satisfy multiple needs of different customers and provide them with wider range of products. 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Donnelley Acquires Business.com for $345M", "Amazon will account for more than half of 2015 e-commerce growth, says Macquarie", "Worldwide Retail and Ecommerce Sales: eMarketer's Updated Forecast and New Mcommerce Estimates for 2016—2021 - eMarketer", "Global e-Commerce sales surged to $29 trillion", United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, "Advertising and Marketing on the Internet: Rules of the Road", "Enforcing Privacy Promises: Section 5 of the FTC Act", "H.R. E-commerce consists of business-to-consumer and business-to-business commerce as well as internal organizational transactions that support those activities. In 2017, retail e-commerce sales worldwide amounted to 2.3 trillion US dollars and e-retail revenues are projected to grow to 4.88 trillion US dollars in 2021. Transportation system affects the delivery of products. In order to give a uniformity to e-commerce law around the world, many countries adopted the UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce (1996).. Many customers remain loyal to well-known retailers because of this issue. However, online retailers cannot offer the physical experience that traditional retailers can. Essay on the Need for E-Commerce: E-commerce and e-business are not solely the Internet, websites or dot com companies. ajkerdeal.com, bdbazar.com, daraz.com, bajna.com are some examples of B2C. It can help organizations do business 7 days a week and 24 hours a day. Yet these new capabilities are still not fully exploited. This is the type of e-commerce that deals with relationships between and among businesses. A number of sectors including the banking sector are now using the internet payment system. According to June 2019 statistics of BRTC, 90.4 million users subscribe to the mobile internet, 0.06 million subscribe to WiMAX, and 5.73 million to ISP + PSTN connections. Many companies have invested enormous volume of investment in mobile applications. Although the e-commerce sector has grown over the years, there remain a number of obstacles. It also causes job losses. Online transactions in Bangladesh have been increasing over the years. E-commerce or electronic commerce is, according to the definition of Wikipedia is… A system for the buying and selling of goods and services using the Internet as the main means of exchange. , In 2018, E-commerce generated 1.3 million tons of container cardboard in North America, an increase from 1.1 million in 2017. , Logistics in e-commerce mainly concerns fulfillment. It is difficult to know when an online site is safe to use. Pure-click or pure-play companies are those that have launched a website without any previous existence as a firm. , Contrary to common misconception, there are significant barriers to entry in e-commerce. 1. In the first three quarters of 2016, the e-commerce industry achieved 67 per cent growth whereas, the country's e-commerce transaction reached BDT 3.59 (Xinhua, 2016). B2G e-commerce is rather insignificant when compared to the other three forms. Behind the scenes, e-business applications usually rely on relationships between company servers and end user computers. Mobile e-commerce (m-commerce) is a term that describes online sales transactions that use wireless electronic devices such as hand-held computers, mobile phones or laptops. It increases flexibility and ease of shopping for the customer. These countries have been highly characterized with consumer-packaged-goods (CPG) (Geisler, 34).  There is no limit of time and space, there are more opportunities to reach out to customers around the world, and to cut down unnecessary intermediate links, thereby reducing the cost price, and can benefit from one on one large customer data analysis, to achieve a high degree of personal customization strategic plan, in order to fully enhance the core competitiveness of the products in company. In Bangladesh bikroy.com, clickbd.com are examples of C2C platforms. They can also sell goods.In other words, with E-commerce, you can buy and sell things whenever and from wherever you like.Running a business online is generally cheaper than running a traditional one.For consumers, there is more choice online because we can buy items from all over the world.However, unlik… Artificial intelligence, defined as intelligence exhibited by machines, has many applications in today's society.More specifically, it is Weak AI, the form of AI where programs are developed to perform specific tasks, that is being utilized for a wide range of activities including medical diagnosis, electronic trading platforms, robot control, and remote sensing. Broadly, e-commerce is classified into four categories: business to business or B2B (Cisco), business to consumer or B2C (Amazon), consumer to consumer or C2C (eBay) and Business-to-Government (B2G). E-commerce is another growing E-service in the United States for both big and small businesses.  In India, cash on delivery is the most preferred payment method, accumulating 75% of the e-retail activities. These wireless devices interact with computer networks that have the ability to conduct online merchandise purchases. Likewise… The GCC countries have a rapidly growing market and are characterized by a population that becomes wealthier (Yuldashev). The sector suffers from lack of logistics and sound transportation system that restrict e-commerce trading to expand. Despite the obstacles, the sector has a lot of potential and in the next few years, contribution of e-commerce to the country's GDP is likely to be significant. E-commerce may take place on retailers' Web sites or mobile apps, or those of e-commerce marketplaces such as on Amazon, or Tmall from AliBaba. The second category is based on the nature of the participant (B2B, B2C, C2B and C2C);. The PSRs created a new class of regulated firms known as payment institutions (PIs), who are subject to prudential requirements. Online marketers can offer lower prices, greater product selection, and high efficiency rates. Since, past few decades, e-commerce has been growing at a very fast pace and attracting offline retailers to create their presence online too. The Ryan Haight Online Pharmacy Consumer Protection Act of 2008, which came into law in 2008, amends the Controlled Substances Act to address online pharmacies. E-commerce involves buying and selling of products and services by businesses and consumers through an electronic medium. Commerce constitutes the exchange of products and services between businesses, groups and individuals and can be seen as one of the essential activities of any business. Sometimes the review can be created manually to lure the customer to buy the product with wrong intention of selling. Some common applications related to electronic commerce are: Simultaneously, foreign investments are required in this sector. The term electronic commerce or e-commerce refers to any sort of business transaction that involves the transfer of information through the internet. Another issue regarding the online market is concerns about the security of online transactions. In contrast, people with poor technical skills cannot enjoy the wages welfare. With more choices of products, the information of products for customers to select and meet their needs become crucial. Many larger retailers are able to maintain a presence offline and online by linking physical and online offerings.. , Contemporary electronic commerce can be classified into two categories.  In 2014, there were 600 million Internet users in China (twice as many as in the US), making it the world's biggest online market. The costumers can buy straight from their homes. If it is an international purchase (i.e.  In 2013, Alibaba had an e-commerce market share of 80% in China. Currently the number of internet subscribers has reached 96.199 Million (June, 2019). Almost a quarter (24%) of the country's total turnover is generated via the online channel. , In the United Kingdom, The Financial Services Authority (FSA) was formerly the regulating authority for most aspects of the EU's Payment Services Directive (PSD), until its replacement in 2013 by the Prudential Regulation Authority and the Financial Conduct Authority. Many companies have turned to sales promotions and increased digital efforts to lure shoppers while shutting down brick-and-mortar locations. 1994: "Ten Summoner's Tales" by Sting becomes the first secure online purchase through, 1995: Thursday 27 April 1995, the purchase of a book by Paul Stanfield, Product Manager for, 1995: The first commercial-free 24-hour, internet-only radio stations, Radio HK and, 1999: Global e-commerce reaches $150 billion. E-commerce businesses may also employ some or all of the followings: A timeline for the development of e-commerce: Some common applications related to electronic commerce are: In the United States, certain electronic commerce activities are regulated by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). E-commerce sales are projected to grow 10 to 12 percent annually. In China, the Telecommunications Regulations of the People's Republic of China (promulgated on 25 September 2000), stipulated the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) as the government department regulating all telecommunications related activities, including electronic commerce.  The India retail market is expected to rise from 2.5% in 2016 to 5% in 2020.. It can provide personalized product and customer customization. Typical e-commerce transactions include the purchase of online books (such as Amazon) and music purchases (music download in the form of digital distribution such as iTunes Store), and to a less extent, customized/personalized online liquor store inventory services. 2017: Global e-commerce transactions generate. As consumers can avail credit, debit card services and digital wallet, the cash-on-delivery system is now more accessible. Cash-on-delivery leads to the risk of tax evasion and also results in lack of transparency in transactions. Foreign players also pose competition and risk to local start-ups. In Australia, Trade is covered under Australian Treasury Guidelines for electronic commerce and the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission regulates and offers advice on how to deal with businesses online, and offers specific advice on what happens if things go wrong. The type of threats include: malicious codes, unwanted programs (ad ware, spyware), phishing, hacking, and cyber vandalism. These activities include the use of commercial e-mails, online advertising and consumer privacy. Most large companies hire a fulfillment service that takes care of a company's logistic needs. Mobile e-commerce is just one of the many subsets of electronic commerce. Role of E-Commerce. Online markets and retailers have to find the best possible way to fill orders and deliver products. e.g Flipkart.com etc. In other words, it is a business that electronically manages both the collections and payments. Amazon is requiring retailers to manufacture their product packaging in a way that doesn't require additional shipping packaging. From this came Econsumer.gov, an ICPEN initiative since April 2001. Currently, 80 per cent of the online sales are taking place in Dhaka, Chattogram and Gazipur. Wayfair now lets you inspect a 3D version of its furniture in a home setting before buying. Recent research clearly indicates that electronic commerce, commonly referred to as e-commerce, presently shapes the manner in which people shop for products. The local e-commerce companies which have been in the market since inception of the e-commerce industry should be given protection. Those channels may also be supported by conversational commerce, e.g. The online market is expected to grow by 56% in 2015–2020. bKash has partnered with the e-commerce ventures in the country and in addition, if banks also follow suit, it will be beneficial. Brick and mortar retailers are struggling because of online retailer's ability to offer lower prices and higher efficiency. E commerce is one of the most competitive industries on the Internet. The purpose was stated as being to find ways of co-operating on tackling consumer problems connected with cross-border transactions in both goods and services, and to help ensure exchanges of information among the participants for mutual benefit and understanding. E-Commerce is rapidly becoming popular. However, the emergence of e-commerce has provided a more practical and effective way of delivering the benefits of the new supply chain technologies. Similar to the GCC countries, there has been increased purchase of goods and services in online channels rather than offline channels. (a) The uses of computer in E-commerce are as follow: 1. Mobile users can transfer funds between account or receive any information related to finance from financial institutions or banks. Perishable goods bought online can get spoiled during delivery. The CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 establishes national standards for direct marketing over e-mail. It is a portal to report complaints about online and related transactions with foreign companies. Immediate action to ensuring consumers' rights needs to be taken since a regulatory authority is not present to prevent consumers from being cheated and given low quality or date-expired products. The pricing strategies are also different for traditional and online retailers. , Mobile devices are playing an increasing role in the mix of e-commerce, this is also commonly called mobile commerce, or m-commerce.  The trend has forced some traditional retailers to shutter its brick and mortar operations.. Gradually, over the years, banking, logistics communications and payment methods have improved creating opportunities for the e-business sector to develop. In 2018, the mCommerce sector enjoyed a 39.1% increase in sales compared to the previous year. E-Commerce; Applications of M-commerce. For the information flows, e-commerce optimised the capacity of information processing than companies used to have, and for the financial flows, e-commerce allows companies to have more efficient payment and settlement solutions. 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China is also the largest e-commerce market in the world by value of sales, with an estimated US$899 billion in 2016.. (a) List three uses of computer in E-commerce. , Type of business industry usually conducted over the internet, Note: This template roughly follows the 2012. E-retailing or on-line retailing is the selling of goods from Business-to-Consumer through electronic stores that are designed using the electronic catalog and shopping cart model. When compared to developed countries, developing countries have a higher potential for improving the business structure and raise productivity by using e-commerce as a medium. , E-commerce helps create new job opportunities due to information related services, software app and digital products. It could help customers buy wider range of products and save customers’ time. “Electronic business, or E-Business, is the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in support of all the activities of business.  Using its authority under Section 5 of the FTC Act, which prohibits unfair or deceptive practices, the FTC has brought a number of cases to enforce the promises in corporate privacy statements, including promises about the security of consumers' personal information.
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