"Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". In straitened circumstances, through the oppression of men, through poverty, and afflictive providences in their families: and everyone that was in debt; and not able to pay their debts, and whose creditors were pressing upon them: and everyone that was discontented; with Saul's government and conduct: or "bitter in soul"F24מר נפש "amarus animo", Pagninus, Montanus. 1828. They wanted to be like other nations. & P. lib. And others, whose lands and goods their creditors might seize when their persons were with David. In 1 Samuel 15:22 Samuel said that it is better to obey God than to *sacrifice to him. Compare Judges 18:25, "angry": i.e. And every one that was in distress, &c.— The chronicles of the Middle Ages in all countries teem with similar stories about the chosen people. 2. These were 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. embittered. The insertion of this Psalm, which is not in the Book of Psalms, was probably suggested by … Let Eli's example excite You can read through all of 2-samuel 22 below.Click the verse number to read commentary, definitions, meanings, and notesfor that particular 2-samuel 22 verse. But now, oh! BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/1-samuel-22.html. Thus all David's people were men of bitter spirit, extremely distressed and grieved for the loss of their wives and children, chap. They were a rough, lawless set of men, yet they could be kept in check by the influence of their beloved captain, David. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-samuel-22.html. Bill T. Arnold — 1 & 2 Samuel (NIV Application Commentary, 2003). 2 Samuel 7:1-17 (2017) [NEW SERIES] English Standard Version 2 Samuel 7:1-17 ESV Easy-Print Commentary 2 Samuel 7:1-17 ESV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary English Standard Version and Student Study Handout for 10 Best 1-2 Samuel Commentaries Please read: The “Top 10” list below is a starting point for learning about 1-2 Samuel commentaries. Now there were about four hundred men with him. His title to the crown was incontestable, so that he might justly make war, particularly in his own defence, and receive those who flocked to him to screen themselves from the persecution of Saul, and from their debtors, whom they would thus enable themselves to repay in time, by the plunder which they would take from the enemy. And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-samuel-22.html. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Ver. 1859. one = man. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. This is the truth which is contained in the common saying, that when people become disappointed with the world, it is the last resource to turn saint. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-samuel-22.html. 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to … 1 Samuel 22:2 And every one [that was] in distress, and every one that [was] in debt, and every one [that was] discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". So, too, there is a “Divine discontent” which brings people to Christ. Our own great dramatist, some three centuries ago, evidently without attempt at exaggeration, selects the avaricious, grasping Jew as the central figure of one of his most famous dramas. In our own time the same spirit, as is too well known, is still abroad, and constitutes the bitterest reproach which the many enemies of the strange, deathless race can promulgate against a people evidently walled in by a Divine protection and a changeless eternal love. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. 2. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Now David quickly organised the refugees, among whom, by degrees, many a man of mark and approved valour and ability were numbered. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. thou dearest Lord! Debt - Probably poor debtors, whom the creditors were obliged to spare, Exodus 22:25. 1 Jean 2 Jean 3 Jean Jude Apocalypse Précédent Précédent Pub campagne annuelle de dons 2020 - Pub droite TopBible S2 2 Samuel 22.30 Une force qui aide à surmonter les plus grands obstacles. In the Mosaic Law, most stringent regulations were laid down to correct and mitigate this ruling passion of avarice among the Jews. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". gathered themselves unto him; to help him, or rather to be helped by him; hoping in time things would take a favourable turn with him, and he should be advanced to the throne, and so their circumstances would be mended thereby: and he became a captain over them; they enlisted themselves in his service, and he took the command of them; he might not know the circumstances of those in debt, nor of any of them thoroughly, nor their views in joining him; however he meant not to shelter them from paying their just debts if able, nor to encourage them in disloyalty to their king, only to make use of them for his own preservation for the present. The last thing we note about the miserable men who came for refuge to David is that they were taught by him to live good lives. About four hundred men were with him. New York. The Biblical Illustrator. Joseph Benson's Commentary. The strength of the NIVAC series is its focus on contemporary applications, and Arnold is helpful here, but he is also concerned to deal with the original meaning of the text and does so very well. Used by Permission. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-samuel-22.html. 1 Samuel 22:2 "And every one [that was] in distress, and every one that [was] in debt, and every one [that was] discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". 14 But thanks be to God, who always leads us in His triumph in Christ, and manifests through us the sweet aroma of the knowledge of Him in every place (2 Corinthians 2:14, emphasis mine). It contains a Song of Thanksgiving attributed to King David which corresponds to Psalm 18. 4. And he became a captain over them.—It was evidently no undisciplined band, these outlaws of Adullam and the hold of Moab, of Hareth and Keilah, of Ziph and Engedi. Free Bible study questions for 1 Samuel 8 provides great insight into why God’s people end up living in a less than ideal situation. (Compare 1 Samuel 30:6; 2 Samuel 17:8.) 2 Samuel 22:1 "And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:" The linguistic features of the psalm attest to its antiquity. So useful and helpful to their neighbours did these soldiers become, that the servants of Nabal could not help acknowledging as much. Hebrew. 2-samuel 22:1 And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul: 1: cap. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. About four hundred men — A band of outlaws, who, however, under David’s wise management, became a band of mighty heroes. Every one that was in distress, through want, or oppression, or otherwise. In many a true believer piety is like a drum, which nobody hears of unless it be beaten. The several statements of the refugees who took shelter in David’s armed camp, of course go over a considerable time. [1 Samuel 25:15] In the Gospel we read that our Saviour received him that had been born blind, and was now cast out. 3. Captain over them — He did not maintain any injustice or wickedness, which some of them possibly might be guilty of; but on the contrary, he instructed and obliged them to the practice of all justice and honesty. Every one… in distress — Suffering from want, or in difficulty with their neighbours. BibliographyGill, John. They might be, and probably were, poor debtors, whom their creditors were obliged to spare and favour, Exodus 22:25. discontented = bitter of soul. To repel any force that might be offered him. BibliographyHawker, Robert, D.D. BibliographyExell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "1 Samuel 22:2". 1. (2) Every one that was in distress.—Ewald writes on this statement:—“The situation of the country, which was becoming more and more melancholy under Saul, . And everyone that was in distress, and everyone that was in debt, and everyone that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him. thy little army is composed of distressed souls; for none will make thee their Captain whose spiritual circumstances are not desperate. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. For a commentary on the separate verses the reader is referred to the commentary on Psalm 18. It is not intended to be the “final word” because of its limitations. Indeed, had this been the case, David would not have been able to have kept them under that strict order and discipline under which we find he did keep them, but we should have read of their plundering, and murdering, and committing other outrages. 2 The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. . And Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; My horn is exalted in the LORD. 1 Samuel 22 New International Version (NIV) David at Adullam and Mizpah 22 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. Discontented - See the margin. New International Version (NIV) and became their leader. Along with members of his family, David's supporters at this time were, in a word, every outlaw in the kingdom. And every one that was in distress - debt - discontented - It is very possible that these several disaffected and exceptionable characters might at first have supposed that David, unjustly persecuted, would be glad to avail himself of their assistance that he might revenge himself upon Saul, and so they in the mean time might profit by plunder, etc. But then this is to be remarked, that David did not do this till he found out by Jonathan's information, and many other most certain proofs, that Saul determined to have his life. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/1-samuel-22.html. “ The Evangelical Exegetical Commentary is a brand new, 44-volume commentary series which incorporates the latest critical biblical scholarship and is written from a distinctly evangelical perspective. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary 1 Samuel 2:22 Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. They did not all flock to his standard at once. 1999. every one that was in distress — (See on Judges 11:3). Every one that was in distress — אישׁ מצוק, ish matsok, the man straitened or oppressed. These persons “in distress” were especially those who were persecuted by Saul and his men for their attachment to David. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. Being expelled from Israel and Philistia, nothing remained for him to do but to gather around him a band of equally unfortunate men and defend himself with his sword. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". BibliographyBenson, Joseph. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-samuel-22.html. It must be observed that the Jews frequently used their debtors with great severity, (see Nehemiah 5:5,) taking forcible possession of their lands and vineyards, and bringing their children into bondage. Kingdom and Chaos David and His Misfits March 17, 2019 1 Samuel 22:1-2 NIV David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". 2 Samuel 22: 1 – 51 Save the humble – oppose the proud 22 Then David spoke to the LORD the words of this song, on the day when the LORD had delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. Before commenting further on Hoffner’s commentary on 1&2 Samuel, let me share the purpose behind the Evangelical Exegetical Commentary series in the words of its creators. App-14. Then the ark is brought to Kirjath-Jearim where it remains for 20 years (1 Samuel 6; 1 Samuel 7:1-2). (See Excursus I. at the end of this Book.). no uncommon occurrence in the daily life of the people. 1801-1803. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-samuel-22.html. And every one that was in distress ... gathered themselves unto him - (see the note at Judges 11:3.) 1 Samuel 8:1–22 Israel Demands a King 8 When Samuel became old, r he made his sons judges over Israel. 22 And David spoke z to the L ord the words of this song on the day when the L ord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. Not such ruffians and rakehells as Abimelech, [ 9:4] and of later time Mohammed, that grand impostor, got together to spoil and do mischief; but these came to David upon a better principle, and for a better purpose, viz., for his and their own just and necessary defence: and for their carriage, see what a testimony Nabal’s servants gave them, though that brute their master had basely reviled them. Proud member John Trapp Complete Commentary. 1870. And every one that was in distress.] Probably poor debtors, whom their creditors were obliged to spare, Exodus 22:25. Cannot we see in David collecting around him all who were in distress, in debt, or for any reason discontented, a foreshadow of the Friend of publicans and sinners, of Him who said, “Come unto Me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.” Again a man’s religion may be concealed in his heart, and may not do the good it ought to do as an example till distress come upon him and cause it to be seen in all its power. And every one that was in distress, &c.— See 1 Chronicles 12:8. gathered themselves unto him; to help him, or rather to be helped by him; hoping in time things would take a favourable turn with him, and he should be advanced to the throne, and so their circumstances would be mended thereby: and he became a captain over them; they enlisted themselves in his service, and he took the command of them; he might not know the circumstances of those in debt, nor of any of them thoroughly, nor their views in joining him; however he meant not to shelter them from paying their just debts if able, nor to encourage them in disloyalty to their king, only to make use of them for his own preservation for the present. Yes! "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". 1 Samuel 30:6.; and their conduct shews them to have been of a very contrary character from desperadoes and banditti: for we read nothing of their plundering and murdering; on the contrary, we find them always kept in good discipline and order, frequently employed in services of a very beneficent nature, ready to do every friendly office, and often employed in defence of their country against the enemies of it. In Proverbs, for instance, we have some conspicuous instances. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". Soon after, these numbers were swelled to 600, and these probably only were the chosen men-at-arms of the little force, which, no doubt, was numerically far greater. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? of "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". In this he was a type of Christ, who receives sinners distressed with a sense of sin, discontented in their present state, and in debt, and, unable to pay their debts; see Matthew 11:28. and there were with him about four hundred men; among whom some think were the three mighty men spoken of in 2 Samuel 23:13. The third class of people who came to David at the cave of Adullam were those who were discontented. And though their persons were with David, yet their land and goods were liable to their creditors. Then go to Christ and fill up the hollowness of your soul with Him. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. 1865-1868. 7 parag. 1871-8. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. It is not necessary to strain the words of the original in order to prove that these were oppressed people, and not exceptionable characters, as some have done. The מצוק אישׁ ish matzok, is the man straitened or oppressed; the נשׁא לו אשׁר אישׁ ish asher lo noshe, is the man that hath a creditor, an exacting, cruel creditor; the Jews frequently using their debtors with great severity, Nehemiah 5:5 taking away their lands and vineyards, and bringing into bondage their sons and daughters: and finally, the נפשׁ מר אישׁ ish mar nepesh, is the man bitter of soul, one aggrieved in his mind, or uneasy and discontented; probably, with Saul's tyrannical government, and his implacable persecution of David, who, by this time, must have been well known to have been the intended successor of Saul. And though their persons were with David, yet their lands and goods were liable to their creditors. But the original words by no means convey any such meaning as this. Men. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". Salem Media Group. Every one that was discontented, or, bitter in soul, i.e. 1 Samuel 22:2 New International Version (NIV) 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. A.). . BibliographyClarke, Adam. Arnold’s commentary on the books of Samuel in the NIVAC series is one of the better contributions. He foresaw that while commanding such a company as this, he might, without injuring his king and former benefactor, be of the very greatest use to the people, and protect the southern frontiers of the kingdom—sadly exposed in these later years of King Saul—from the plundering incursions of the neighbouring nomadic tribes. Leviticus 25:39. App-13. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-samuel-22.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-samuel-22.html. 4 sect. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/1-samuel-22.html. Isaiah 27:13. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-samuel-22.html. Here surely, if any where, we may see the Lord Jesus strongly typified. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. And every one that was in debt.] In the Divine record sad scenes (see 2 Kings 4:1-7), exemplifying this pitiless spirit, are casually related, but they are so woven into the mosaic of the history, as to show us they were, alas! 2 Samuel 1:1-16 God Doesn't Need Help 2 Samuel 2:1-11 Waiting for God's Time 2 Samuel 3:1,7-18 Now Then Do It 2 Samuel 5:1-10 The King Gives Victory 2 Samuel 7:1-13 When God Says No 2 Samuel 11:1 … And every one that was discontented.] Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:27-36 (Read 1 Samuel 2:27-36) Those who allow their children in any evil way, and do not use their authority to restrain and punish them, in effect honour them more than God. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or … David, being driven from Achish, returns into the land of Israel to be hunted by Saul. drove men to seek a leader from whom they might hope for better things for the future . 1-samuel 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. 1905-1909. in an afflicted and calamitous condition. [John 9:35] And in the civil law we find provision made for such as were cast out and exposed to the wide world; some hospitals to entertain them, some liberties to comfort and compensate their troubles. thou chiefest among ten thousand; now art thou to me the altogether lovely, and the Captain of my salvation. return to 'Jump List' Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible 1 Samuel 22:2. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-22.html. Heb., That had a creditor or an oppressor, extortioner, usurer, who cruelly handled him. 1905. Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:20-23 (Read 1 Samuel 22:20-23) David greatly lamented the calamity. 22. David Guzik commentary on 1 Samuel 22, where David goes hiding in the cave of Adullam, and Saul murders Ahimelech and the other priests. Are you dissatisfied? David did not send away these refugees, many of them distinguished and prominent Israelites, but organised them into a military force. (Calmet) --- The soldiers of Jephte were of the same description as these of David, Judges xi.

1 samuel 22:2 commentary

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